Edhkwehlynawd Botanical Refuge (EBR)
The Edhkwehlynawd Botanical Refuge (EBR) is a small Refuge owned and managed by the Edhkwehlynawd Botanical Refuge Centre Trust. The name Edhkwehlynawdr in Toda means the ‘ place with the magnificent view’. It is located in the Upper Nilgiri Plateau – in the heart of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve – of the South Western Ghats. The EBR field station is located at the Amaggal Reserve Forest near Manjoor. The EBR lies at the threshold of a great wilderness that harbours an immensely rich biodiversity.
The EBR lies at the threshold of a great wilderness that harbours an immensely rich bio-diversity. Adjacent to the EBR are several Reserved Forests forming a wilderness of around 15,000 ha immediately west of the EBR. It is home to a number of highly endangered mammal species like the Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Marten, Tiger and the Nilgiri Langur. The Kundah range – where EBR is located – forms the core area of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (NBR), which was the first area to be declared a Biosphere Reserve in India. The natural vegetation of this highland area is basically montane evergreen forest called as 'sholas' and vast stretches of 'savannah' grasslands. In addition to its important biological value the Kundah area has an important hydrological function for this region.
The name edhkwehlynawd in Toda means the 'place with the magnificent view' Given the fact that until fairly recently, most Toda sites conformed to this concept, only selected places situated near hilltops were given this epithet. This word is mentioned in several ancient songs along with a specific pair unit: pekaadrvonnm, which refers to the special coins placed on the corpse that also allow for safe passage to the afterworld Amunawdr.